An EORI (= Economic Operator Registration and Identification) number is a European Union registration and identification number for businesses which undertake the import or export of goods into or out of the EU. An EORI-Number is mandatory, regardless of whether an importer gets the cargo delivered by Sea Freight or Air Freight.
The EORI-Number consists of the country-code of the issuing member-state, followed by a code or number that is unique in the Member State.
The procedure of requesting an EORI number depends on your situation:
- If you are established within the customs territory of the EU you should contact the customs authority of the country you are established in.
- If you are established outside of the customs territory of the EU you should contact the customs authority of the country where you first lodge a declaration
If you do not have an EORI number, customs authority will most likely take possession of the consignment until you are able to produce an EORI number. It is advisable to request an EORI number before placing an order and an importer must apply for one before the consignment has departed from the country of origin.